There are three basic types of solar panel: monocrystalline, multicrystalline, and amorphous. All three types of panels are made up of an array of individual cells.
Made using cells saw-cut from a single cylindrical crystal of silicon, this is the most efficient of the photovoltaic (PV) technologies. The principle advantage of monocrystalline cells are their high efficiencies, typically around 15%, although the manufacturing process required to produce monocrystalline silicon is complicated, resulting in slightly higher costs than other technologies.
Made from cells cut from an ingot of melted and recrystallised silicon. In the manufacturing process, molten silicon is cast into ingots of polycrystalline silicon, these ingots are then saw-cut into very thin wafers and assembled into complete cells. Multicrystalline cells are cheaper to produce than monocrystalline ones, due to the simpler manufacturing process. However, they tend to be slightly less efficient, with average efficiencies of around 12%., creating a granular texture.
Thick Film Silicon:
Another multicrystalline technology where the silicon is deposited in a continuous process onto a base material giving a fine grained, sparkling appearance. Like all crystalline PV, this is encapsulated in a transparent insulating polymer with a tempered glass cover and usually bound into a strong aluminium frame.
Amorphous Silicon Cells:
Composed of silicon atoms in a thin homogenous layer rather than a crystal structure. Amorphous silicon absorbs light more effectively than crystalline silicon, so the cells can be thinner. For this reason, amorphous silicon is also known as a "thin film" PV technology. Amorphous silicon can be deposited on a wide range of substrates, both rigid and flexible, which makes it ideal for curved surfaces and "fold-away" modules. Amorphous cells are, however, less efficient than crystalline based cells, with typical efficiencies of around 6%, but they are easier and therefore cheaper to produce. Their low cost makes them ideally suited for many applications where high efficiency is not required and low cost is important.
Other thin films:
A number of other promising materials such as cadmium telluride (CdTe) and copper indium diselenide (CIS) are now being used for PV modules. The attraction of these technologies is that they can be manufactured by relatively inexpensive industrial processes, certainly in comparison to crystalline silicon technologies, yet they typically offer higher module efficiencies than amorphous silicon. New technologies based on the photosynthesis process are not yet on the market.
Quality,Safety and Global Certification
Our range of solar modules include the latest products and developments from the leading manufacturers in the photovoltaic field.Even today the design life of our mono-crystalline modules after 10 years has a power output above 90% and within 25 years is above 80% of the rated power. The Allowable operating conditions are; Maximum temperature range is -40oC to +85oC Hail: up to 28mm diameter and 86 km/h impact speed surface maximum load capacity: evenly up to 240 kg/m2.All solar products are tested and conform to the latest TÜV, IEC 61215,and ISO 9001-2002 requirements.
Semi-Flexible Monocrystalline Solar Panels
The unique design of these extreemly lightweight (50% of conventional modules) and robust panels makes them suitable for numerous applications.Their price permformance is the principle advantage as the monocrystalline cell is highly efficient, typically around 15%.They are Robust, glass free and have a very strong terminal box. Several options from manufacturers can be seen on this website.
Their low profile means there is less visual impact and also means they are suitable for installation on to vehicles as there is less wind noise and vibration.The ability to fit the panel to flat/ slightly curved surfaces means easy installation as no mounting frame is required, it also means adhesive can be used which makes the panel very difficult to steal. The absence of glass and the robust construction means the panel can be walked on and that it is difficult to vandalise.
Rigid Glass Monocrystalline Solar Panels
The unique design of these extreemly lightweight (50% of conventional modules) and robust panels makes them suitable for numerous applications.Their price permformance is the principle advantage as the monocrystalline cell is highly efficient, typically around 15%.They are Robust and have a very strong terminal box.
Rigid glass modules are of high quality monocrystalline silicon cell module. It has toughened low iron glass and a tri-wall backing sheet for total environmental protection.This provides the longest life expectancy even under extreme climatic conditions such as ice, hail, snow, storms and extreme humidity having no effect on the solar panels.
The efficient silicon technology and the anti-reflection layer permit optimal efficiency. This guarantees high performance during low irradiation and months with diminished light. Most solar panels have a 25 year design life.
Each Solar panel is individually measured during and after the manufacturing process under the highest quality and ISO conditions. Every panel is tested under STC conditions and are certified.
The panels have a robust and seawater resistant aluminium frame, the frame profile provides stability and easy installation, also the solar panels have a waterproof junction box
These panels can be used for a variety of applications including boats, camper vans, holiday homes, summerhouses and specialist applications.